Illustrative image (Source: VNA)
Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnam has witnessed a strong wave of migration within the country over the past three decades, as reported at a workshop held by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the General Statistics Office (GSO) in Hanoi on December 16.

According to the internal migration survey 2015, among total emigrants aged between 15 and 59 years, women made up 52.4 percent, consolidating the outcome of “female migration” found in previous surveys.

The proportion of skilled migrant people was found higher than that of non-migrant ones (31.7 percent compared to 24.5 percent).
In fact, many youngsters moved to urban areas to pursue higher education.

The southeastern region – which is home to a lot of industrial parks - records the biggest number of migrant workers (87.8 percent), followed by the Red River Delta (81.0 percent).

The GSO said up to 42.6 percent of migrant people reported that accommodations were the most difficult issue they faced.
UNFPA Chief Representative Astrid Bant said the survey provides evidence on the positive impacts as well as challenges in the field, which will help Vietnam define necessary changes in its policy to support poor and vulnerable emigrants.

Director of the GSO Nguyen Bich Lam said the survey aims to collect information on internal migration to build proper socio-economic development policies for emigrants.

The GSO and the UNFPA called on the local government, ministries, research institutes, businesses and universities to make more investment in the analysis of the survey’s data to design supporting policies for migrant people.


The 2015 National Internal Migration Survey, the second of its kind, was conducted in 20 centrally-run cities and provinces representing six socio-economic regions and two major cities of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh. The first one was carried out in 2004./.