The temporary Government was formed on August 25, 1945 with Ho Chi Minh as President (Source: VNA)

Hanoi (VNA) - The second National Party Congress is a new step forward of the Party, which led the whole nation in resistance and national construction.

Right after the victory of the August Revolution, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam made debut. The nation and regime faced life-threatening challenges: the armed forces of Jiang Jie Shi overflowed North Vietnam together with reactionary parties; and the French army, supported by the UK forces, returned to occupy the South, with the common aim of quelling the first young state of workers and peasants in Southeast Asia.

At the same time, the country coped with three difficulties, outside and inside enemies as well as the consequences of 80 years of suffering from the severe oppression and exploitation of the feudalism and colonialism with the most severe consequence being the famine in 1945 that killed more than 2 million people.

Amid the precarious situation, the Party Central Committee, the Government and President Ho Chi Minh focused on leading the resistance war, cleverly eliminating enemies and preparing conditions and forces for a long-lasting resistance war.

President Ho Chi Minh launched a campaign against hunger, illiteracy, and invaders, and he encouraged all the people to increase production; organised the General Election, elected the first National Assembly, established the Government and promulgated the 1946 Constitution.

To defend peace and national independence, Vietnam persistently negotiated with the French colonialists. However, the colonialists determined to re-conquer the country. They provoked incidents in Lang Son, Hai Phong and then Hanoi. The more concessions the Vietnamese made, the more the French colonialists use them to encroach upon Vietnam’s rights, forcing the nation to fight.

On December 19, 1946 President Ho Chi Minh called for a national resistance with the determination: "We would rather sacrifice all than lose our independence and be enslaved."

In order to further develop guidelines for resistance and national construction, the Party Central Committee decided to summon the second National Party Congress.

The congress took place in Chiem Hoa district’s Vinh Quang commune in the northern province of Tuyen Quang from Feb. 11-19, 1951, with the participation of 158 official and 53 alternate delegates, who represented more than 760,000 Party members. The congress was also attended by delegates from the Communist Parties of China and Thailand.

The congress passed a resolution to operate the Party in a public way and renamed it “the Vietnam Workers’ Party” and approved the Party’s Political Platform and its new Declaration and Statutes.

The congress elected a Party Central Committee that consisted of 19 official members and 10 alternate members. Ho Chi Minh was elected as the President of the Party Central Committee and Truong Chinh was re-elected as General Secretary.

The second National Party Congress was an event of great significance, marking a new step-forward of the Party and preparing all conditions to make the resistance war against French colonialists a complete success.-VNA (to be continued)