Sunday, August 20, 2017 - 13:05:51

Vietnam and the race against climate change

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Vietnam has experienced unusual weather developments with higher numbers of storms and low pressures this year, which is dubbed as the Pacific typhoon season - an event in which tropical cyclones form in the west of the Pacific Ocean.

The country has so far this year grappled with 14 storms and four low pressures, the highest number in nearly 50 years, with more strong ones than previous years, especially the 10th and 11th hitting the central region last month.

Super typhoon Haiyan, which packed a devastating punch on the Philippines, was 3.5 times more powerful than Hurricane Katrina that hit the US in 2005. Early on November 11, it made landfall in northern Quang Ninh and Hai Phong of Vietnam, causing heavy rain and strong winds in the region.

The typhoon, the 14 th storm to hit Vietnam this year, killed 14 people, left four missing and injured 81 others by 6.30pm on the same day, the National Steering Committee for Search and Rescue reported.

According to Le Thanh Hai, Deputy Director of the National Centre for Hydro-Metrological Forecasting, Vietnam is often hit by a storm of category 12 or higher each year.

However, he said it is unusual for two massive storms to consecutively lash the country’s central region in one month.

Recently, the world has recorded new historical typhoons due to the impacts of climate change, said the World Meteorological Organisation.

Vietnam is one of the five countries forecast to be hardest hit by climate change. Being aware of this, the Vietnamese Government soon ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC in 1997.

The country has also issued a strategy and a plan of action on climate change at a national scale and a national strategy on green growth which mirrors its commitments to fulfilling tasks stipulated in the UNFCCC.

At the same time, Vietnam has actively implemented projects on greenhouse effect mitigation and those following clean development mechanism (CDM).

By September 9, 2013, Vietnam had more than 240 CDM projects, focusing on agriculture, energy and forestry.

Over the past time, the country has intensified measures on sustainable forest management and implemented the UN Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation.

At the 18th UN Climate Change Conference last year, Vietnam and Norway agreed to join hands in the implementation of a project on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

Apart from international financial support, Vietnam has poured certain amount into programmes on forest protection and afforestation.-VNA
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