Banks remain main backers of property market hinh anh 1Illustrative image (Source:  Maritime Bank)
HCM City (VNA) - The real estate market is recovering strongly and attracting huge sums of money from banks, foreign investors and overseas Vietnamese.

After a brief slowdown in the first quarter due to Tet (Lunar New Year) in January, the market has regained momentum since the beginning of the second quarter as the number of transactions started to pick up.

According to the Ministry of Construction’s housing and real estate market management department, 1,050 apartments were sold in Hanoi in April, 5 percent up from the previous month.

In HCM City, 1,170 were sold, a 7 percent rise.

By late April the total value of inventories across the country was down by 624 billion VND to 28.37 trillion VND (1.25 billion USD).

They were down by 100 trillion VND or 77.93 percent from the second quarter of 2013 and by 22.5 trillion VND or 44.25 percent from the end of 2015.

In the first quarter of this year 924 new companies were established in the property sector, a 55 percent rise year-on-year, according to a report from the Ministry of Planning and Investment.

The sector topped in terms of increase in the number of newly established companies.

Developers and other investors are pouring money into the sector. Banks remain the main players in the market in terms of investment despite several measures by the State Bank of Vietnam to restrict loans to reduce risks.

Most notable among them is its Circular No 06/2016 that took effect last July, which reduced the maximum rate of short-term deposits that can be used for medium- and long-term loans from 60 percent to 40 percent.

It has also reduced the risk index to 200 percent from the proposed 250 percent with effect from this year.

According to the Vietnam Real Estate Association (VNREA), credit institutions account for 70 percent of the total capital flows into the property market.

Since the property sector has recovered and investors favour property over gold and stocks, the banks are offering credit at lower and lower rates to lure customers.

Vietnam Public Joint Stock Commercial Bank (PVcomBank) has earmarked 10 trillion VND (440 million USD) for lending to home developers and buyers.

An Binh Commercial Joint Stock Bank (ABBank) plans to lend 5 trillion VND for buying house or land and building or repairing houses.

In January, Sai Gon Thuong Tin Commercial Bank (Sacombank) said it would earmark 3 trillion VND for mortgages at 8.5 percent interest rate.

Asia Commercial Bank offers home loans at 7.5 percent.

Nguyen Hoang Minh, deputy director of the State Bank of Vietnam’s HCM City office, said at the end of the first quarter outstanding loans in the property sector in the city were worth 164.1 trillion VND (7.22 billion USD), or 10.9 percent of total loans and 19.3 percent of long- and medium-term loans.

Loans to the property sector have increased by 4 percent since the beginning of this year.

But Minh said the credit is carefully monitored and is lower than in 2007-08 when a property bubble formed and burst.

“This shows banks have been more cautious about giving loans to property projects and monitor credit growth better, which helps reduce the possibility of a real estate bubble like in the past.”

Managing property credit is crucial since the bursting of the bubble almost a decade ago has left a legacy of bad debts that plagues the sector even now, experts have said.

Dr Nguyen Tri Hieu, an economist, said a few years ago banks offered preferential loans for home buyers, leading to excessive money flows into the sector.

They should learn their lessons and be more cautious about property loans, he warned.

According to Hieu, banks are now lending money to both the demand and supply sides of the market.

Le Hoang Chau, chairman of the HCM City Real Estate Association, said banks should control the flow of funds especially into the mid-priced and high-end property sectors, where most buyers are speculators and not people who buy houses for living.

Speculation would affect the stability of the market and increase inventories, making the bad debts situation worse, he added.

Since the beginning of this year the central bank has constantly urged banks to review and tighten lending to the property sector.

It reduced the cap on the use of short-term deposits for medium- and long-term loans to 50 percent last January and to 40 percent from next year to curb some of the fund flows into the property sector.

Besides, it has encouraged banks to lend to social housing projects to meet the demand of people who want to own a home.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flowing into the real estate market is also on the rise.

The General Statistics Office reported that in the first quarter the sector attracted 340 million USD worth of FDI, or 4.5 percent of the total amount, to rank second only behind manufacturing-processing.

Between 2011 and the first quarter of this year the real estate market has attracted more than 11 billion USD worth of FDI.

M&As by foreign investors, mostly from Japan, China, Singapore and the Republic of Korea, have continued strongly this year, according to Savills Vietnam.

Besides, thanks to the amendment to the housing law allowing foreigners and overseas Vietnamese to buy houses in Vietnam, foreigners are keen on the high-end apartment and resort segments.

In the second quarter the resort sector will continue to grow strongly and attract foreign and local investment, thanks to the country’s tourism potential, according to experts.

Su Ngoc Khuong, director of Savills Vietnam, said there are two trends in the FDI: short-term investments in existing projects that expected to make returns of 8-10 percent and long-term investment in housing development with expected profits of 20-30 percent.

Housing developers depend less on banks when they tie up with foreign partners, he said.

Ben Gray, director of Capital Markets at Cushman & Wakefield Vietnam, said Vietnam would continue to attract more FDI this year as investors have more confidence in the market and see the country as an attractive destination.

Overseas remittances are another important source of investment for real estate projects.

In recent years remittances to the country have increased sharply, with a majority of the money going into the real estate market.

According to statistics from the National Financial Supervision Commission, the country received over 9 billion USD worth of overseas remittances in 2011, 52 percent of which went into real estate.

Last year despite the economic difficulties, overseas remittances were still worth 9 billion USD, with 21 percent going into property.

This dovetails with the central bank’s desire to reduce developers’ dependence on bank credit and for them to resort to other sources such as investment funds and foreign capital sources. –VNA