The 11th Party Central Committee has approved a resolution on responding to climate change, managing natural resources and protecting the environment at its 7th session.

By 2020, Vietnam will generally be able to actively adapt to climate change, prevent natural disasters, reduce greenhouse gas emission, exploit and use natural resources more appropriately, effectively and sustainably, the resolution said.

The country targets to control environmental pollution and bio-diversity reduction to ensure the quality of the living environment and maintain the ecological balance towards a green economy.

Besides, it expects to reach the current environmental standards of developed industrial countries in the region by 2050.

In coping with climate change, the country will focus on improving the forecast capacity, enhancing the climate change monitoring capacity of relevant agencies, improving public awareness on actively preventing natural disasters and adapting to climate change, as well as reducing human and property losses caused by natural disasters.

The country has set to be active in preventing and mitigating the effects of tides, flood and salinity stemmed from sea level rise in localities lying along the coastal regions, particularly Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho city, Ca Mau province, the Mekong Delta, the Red River Delta, the central coastal region and other coastal cities.

To manage natural resources, Vietnam will prevent the reduction of water and forest resources, ensure a balance in land resources for socio-economic development, improve the efficiency of land use, while exploiting the ecology, landscape and biological resources in an effective and sustainable manner, and minimising raw mineral exports.

The country will adjust its energy structure towards increasing the proportion of renewable energy and new energy.

To protect the environment, 70 percent of sewage will be treated before pouring into river basins and 85 percent of hazardous waste and 100 percent of medical waste will be handled, while 65 percent of waste will be recycled.

The country aims at supplying safe water for 95 percent of urban residents and 90 percent of rural population, controlling and addressing environmental pollution, and improving air quality in urban and densely populated areas.

The country will strive to terminate natural forest overexploitation and increase forest coverage to 45 percent.-VNA