Transactions of Treasury bills and Government bonds have risen because of the good liquidity of banks for the second consecutive week.

As treasury bills are organised as short-term instruments of less than a year, they are different from long-term Government instruments in the market, including Government bonds, Government-guaranteed bonds and municipal bonds.

Treasury bills are open-market instruments issued as book entries and are only available to commercial banks. They are kept in State Bank custodial accounts and help the central bank control liquidity.

Latest statistics quoted by Lao Dong (Labour) newspaper show that about 30.13 trillion VND (1.4 billion USD) worth of treasury bills for tenures of 28, 56 and 91 days were issued last week.

Yields were raised from 2.6 to 3 percent for a 28-day term; from 3.2 to 3.3 percent for a 56-day term; and from 4 to 4.2 percent for 91 days.

The pumping and withdrawal of money in the last two weeks indicate that the central bank has taken active control over liquidity, and that commercial banks have abundant sources of capital. In another development in long-term instruments, about 4.9 trillion VND (223 million USD) worth of Government bonds was sold last week on the primary market - 98 percent of the total on offer. Bond yields fell 10-15 percentage points lower to reach 5.65-7.15 percent a year.

The market moves show that idle money from people and banks is flowing into state coffers instead of being pumped into the economy to serve production and business. An executive officer of Vietcombank said commercial banks had already poured a large sum of money into bills and bonds. He added that credit growth was a key factor in making the decision.

In fact, banks are struggling to increase lending. This is indicated through credit growth of only 1.31 percent from January to May 23 compared to the target of 12-14 percent growth by year-end.

Generally, banks seem likely to continue injecting money into bonds if they cannot find borrowers.

In the secondary market, transaction volume last week increased by 42 percent against the previous week. Yields range from 4.3 to 6.1 percent annually.

According to a State Treasury report, about 96.704 trillion VND (44.4 billion USD) headed for state coffers by the end of May, equal to the total bond value mobilised for all of 2013.

The Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Asian bond report released on June 4 showed that Vietnam was the fastest-growing bond market in South East Asia in the first quarter of 2014.

The issuance of Government bonds in large quantities has put Vietnam on the list of the fastest-growing newly emerging markets in East Asia.

It now has a growth rate of 23 percent compared to the previous quarter and 17.8 percent compared to last year.

This has produced a record-high of 35 billion USD, according to the report.-VNA