A conference highlighting the Nguyen Dynasty’s contributions to national sea and island protection in the 19 th century was held in the city of Hue, Thua Thien-Hue province on December 4.

The exercise of sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes was conducted very early by the kings of the reign, stressed Vice President of the Vietnam Association of History Science Do Bang.

These kings took a number of effective measures to consolidate Vietnam’s dominion over the two archipelagoes such as mapping, placing sovereignty steles, building temples, planting trees, and setting up tax collection stations and observatories on the islands, Bang said.

Mentioning the Hoang Sa pagoda, located in Hoang Sa archipelago’s Phu Lam district, President of the Scientific Council of the Vietnam National University-Hanoi Vu Minh Giang affirmed that Vietnam’s indisputable territorial integrity over the two archipelagoes was fully implemented under the Nguyen Dynasty.

Vice rector of the Da Nang College of Education Luu Trang stressed as the kings were highly aware of the significance of the marine strategic position to the reign’s security and fortune, numerous defensive measures were enhanced to protect the nation’s seas and islands from invaders.-VNA