Continue to enhance the Party’s leadership and combat capacity, promote the nation’s synergy, comprehensively boost the Doi moi (renewal) process and create the fundamentals for Vietnam to become a modern industrialised country by 2020 are the main aims of the 10 th Party Central Committee’s report on documents to be tabled to the 11 th National Party Congress.

The report was presented by Party General Secretary Nong Duc Manh at the opening session of the 11 th National Party Congress in Hanoi on Jan. 12.

The Vietnam News Agency published main contents of the report.

Reviewing five years of implementing the 10 th Party Congress’s resolution, the report identified advantages brought about by the renewal process and international integration, as well as mentioning difficulties and challenges caused by deep-rooted weaknesses of the national economy.

It also mentioned natural disasters, disease epidemics, complicated developments in the region and the world, impacts from the global economic recession and financial crisis, as well as subversive and violence-incited activities and the “peaceful revolution” undertaken by hostile forces.

By looking into those, the report affirmed that in such circumstances, the entire Party and the entire people had exerted efforts to fight off difficulties and challenges and attained important achievements in implementing the goals and tasks set forth by the 10 th Party Congress.

The national economy surmounted an array of difficulties and challenges to basically maintain stability of the macro economy and maintain a high growth rate, with all sectors posting steps of development, so the potential, strength and scale of the national economy has been enlarged.

Improvements were made in the fields of education and training, science and technology, culture and other social domains while due attention was given to the protection of natural resources and the environment.

The people’s living conditions were made better, politics and society stabilised, national defence and security reinforced, and national independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity maintained.

The country’s external relations and international integration have been expanded, and its prestige and position in the international arena has been heightened.

Progress was made in promoting democracy and the national great unity bloc continued to be consolidated.

The building of the law-ruled socialist state has been stepped up to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of its operation.

The building and rectification of the Party has been boosted and gained positive outcomes.

After mentioning the achievements, the report pointed out existing problems, including economic development that is not yet sustainable, competitiveness remaining low, and the slow pace of economic restructuring.

There were limitations and weaknesses in education, training, science and technology, culture, social affairs, environmental protection, as well as in the fight against bureaucracy, corruption, waste, and social evils.

The report spoke frankly about objective and subjective causes, studying theories and summing up reality failing to meet requirements, a proportion of State officials, Party members, and civil servants having poor capacity and quality, forecasting capacity in many fields staying weak, the Party’s leadership and the State’s management and execution over a number of areas lacking focus and resolve, and the organisation of implementation work being inadequate.

Looking back over ten years of implementing the 2001-10 socio-economic development strategy, the report said the country seized opportunities and advantages, overcoming numerous difficulties and challenges, reaped extremely important and huge achievements, and fulfilled a host of major goals of the strategy.

The economy grew quickly at an annual average rate of 7.2 percent and its structure shifted positively. Institutions for the country’s market economy to operate with socialist orientations continued to be perfected.

In 2010, the country’s GDP recorded a 3.4-fold rise over 2000 as calculated in real prices.

There was a five-fold rise in state budget collection and export value in the year over the past ten years while GDP per capita stood at 1,168 USD last year.

Cultural and social fields recorded important gains in a wide range of aspects, socio-political stability maintained, defence and security reinforced and external relations and international integration boosted.

“After 20 years of implementing the 1991 Platform, we have gained huge achievements of historical significance,” the report underlined.

It affirmed the country initially carried out the renewal successfully to escape its less-developed status. The political system and the national great unity bloc were strengthened and enhanced.

The country maintained its independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity and its position and prestige on the international arena was elevated.

Vietnam ’s synergy was amplified, creating a premise for the country to continue to grow more robustly on the socialist path.

From the reality mentioned above, the 10 th Party Central Committee drew five major experiences.
They included persisting in implementing the guidelines and goals set for the renewal, being consistent, creatively applying and developing Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought, and firmly pressing ahead with the goal of national independence and socialism.

Due attention must also be given to growth quality and effectiveness and sustainable development.

Economic growth must be associated closely with the promotion of social advancement and justice, cultural development and the strengthening of defence and security.

In particular, the Party must be developed and strengthened in all spheres with its leadership and instructions must be sharp, resolute, creative and keep abreast with reality in the country.

On the transitional period to socialism in Vietnam , the report confirmed the 1991 Platform on National Construction bore values that served as orientations and guidelines leading the Vietnamese people through the past two decades.

It underscored the need to “continue study, supplement, and develop the Platform”.

On the basis of inheriting the valuable viewpoints and ideologies of the 1991 Platform and at the same time keeping abreast with reality in the country and the time, the Platform should be supplemented with issues that prove to be true and adjustments for the contents that are no longer suitable.

The overall goal set for the country when it accomplishes the transitional period to socialism will be a fundamental base completed for a socialist economy with suitable political, ideological and cultural superstructure so as to lay a foundation for the country to become a prosperous and happy socialist country.

Between now to mid-21 st century, the entire Party and the entire people must do the following tasks:

-Step up national industrialisation and modernisation in combination with developing a knowledge-based economy and protecting natural resources and the environment.
-Develop a market economy in line with socialist orientation.
-Develop an advanced culture, deeply imbued with national identity, promoting human development, raising the people’s living conditions, and implementing social progress and equality.
-Securely maintain national defence and security, and social order and safety.
-Pursue an external policy of independence, self-reliance, peace, friendship, cooperation and development, and be proactive and active in international integration.
-Build a socialist democracy and implement the national great unity
-Build a socialist state ruled by law of the people, by the people and for the people.
-Further make the Party pure and strong.

Regarding the tasks for the country’s development in the 2011-15 period, the report analysed the reality as well as development trends in the country and the world at large and concluded, “The 2011-20 socio-economic development strategy will look to continue speeding up industrialisation and modernisation and promoting fast, sustainable development, bringing into full play the entire nation’s strength, and make the country become a basic industrialised one that operates in line with socialist orientation”.

To translate that guiding ideology, the 2011-20 socio-economic development strategy adopted five development viewpoints, including fast development going hand in hand with sustainable development, undertaking the renewal uniformly and suitably in both the economic and political spheres, expanding democracy with the people being the subject, the key resource, and the goal of development, boosting the development of production forces with ever higher scientific and technological levels and at the same time perfecting production relations and institutions for the socialist-oriented market economy, and being persistent in building a highly independent and self-reliant economy in the context of in-depth international integration.

The overall goal of the strategy is to strive to turn the country into a basic industrialised and modernised one by 2020. It includes social and political stability, democracy, discipline, and consensus, remarkable improvements in the people’s material and spiritual life, maintenance of national independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, and higher position and prestige of the country in the world arena, thus creating a premise for a higher development level in the next phase.

The country’s GDP is set to grow 7-8 percent a year with the rate for 2020 being a 2.2-fold rise over 2010 and GDP per capital being 3,000 USD.

The value of hi-tech products and hi-tech applied products aims for 45 percent of the nation’s GDP.

The value of manufactured industrial products is targeted to account for 40 percent of the industrial production value. Productivity is to contribute at least 35 percent to the growth value.

The country aims to enter the world’s upper average group in terms of Human Development Index (HDI) and its life expectancy averages 75.

More than 70 percent of the workforce will be trained and the number of poor households will be reduced by 2 percent a year.

By 2020, a number of areas in the science, technology, education and healthcare will reach advanced, modern levels, the environment will be improved, and the country is able to proactively and effectively deal with natural disasters, climate change and especially sea level rise.

The strategy defined three breakthroughs, including perfecting the institution of a socialist-oriented market economy, rapidly developing human resources, especially high-quality resources, and building a system of infrastructure facilities in tandem with a number of modern works.

The 2011-15 period is an important phase in implementing the 2011-20 socio-economic development strategy.

The overall goal of the next five years is continuing to enhance the Party’s leadership and combat capacity, speeding up comprehensively the renewal process, building a pure and strong political system, promoting democracy and the national great unity, developing the economy in a fast and sustainable manner, raising the people’s material and spiritual lives, maintaining socio-political stability, boosting external activities, firmly defending national independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, and laying a foundation for the country to become a modern, industrialised country by 2020.

To achieve the above-mentioned goals in the next five years we must strive to achieve major targets including an average economic growth rate of 7-7.5 percent, a per capita GDP growth to around 2,000 USD in 2015, agriculture representing 17-18 percent of the GDP, industry and construction, 41-42 percent while services, 41-42 percent and the rate of trained labourers must reach 55 percent.

Export revenues must record an average yearly rise of 12 percent and the trade deficit must be reduced so imports and exports can be balanced by 2020, while State overspending represents only 4.5 percent of the GDP by 2015. Eight million jobs will be created and the population will grow by 1 percent by 2015. Average longevity will reach 74 in 2015 and the poverty rate under the new standard will see a yearly reduction of 2 percent while forest coverage will reach 42-43 percent in 2015.

The report stressed the importance of continuing to perfect the market economic institution in line with socialist orientation, renew the growth model and economic structure and accelerate the industrialisation and modernisation process and fast and sustainably develop the economy in which all forms of ownership and all economic sectors and different forms of businesses must be strongly developed; all market factors and market types must be synchronously boosted.

To enhance the role of the Party leadership and the effectiveness and efficiency of the State management of the socialist-oriented market economy.

To reform the growth model and restructure the economy, the report put forward tasks to strongly develop industry and construction towards modernity; develop agriculture in a comprehensive, effective and sustainable manner towards industrialisation and modernisation while competently handling rural and farmers issues; strongly develop service sectors, particularly high value-added services; and focus on construction to create breakthroughs in setting up infrastructural facilities.

The report proposed tasks to develop culture, education and training, science and technology, environmental protection; and implement social equality and progress in each policy and step of development. It also affirmed that socio-cultural development must harmonise with economic development; environmental protection is the responsibility of the whole political system, the entire society and every citizen; and implementing social progress and equality in each instruction and step of development is the Party and State’s great consistent policy, reflecting the fine and good nature of the socialist regime.

The report considered security and defence as regular key tasks of the Party, State and the entire people in which the People’s Army and the People’s Police function as core forces and building an all-people solid defence and an all-people solid security is the country’s long-term policy.

The report emphasised the requirement to expand diplomatic activities and be proactive in international integration by consistently pursuing a foreign policy of independence, self-reliance, multilateralisation and diversification; maintaining a stable and peaceful environment for the development; firmly defending independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity; and raising the nation’s position so as to actively contribute to the struggle for peace, national independence, democracy and social progress in the world.

On upholding the socialist democracy and the strength of the national great unity, the report defined that the socialist democracy is the nature of our regime which is both the goal and the driving force of national development. By continuing to build and perfect the socialist democracy and ensuring that the entire State power belongs to the people, every policy and law of the Party and State are for the interests of the people.

The national great unity is the strategic policy of Vietnam ’s revolution, the source of strength, a main driving force and a decisive factor for the success of the national construction and defence.

For building a great Vietnamese family of equality, solidarity and mutual respect and assistance for common progress, the report asserted further improving of belief and religious policies and laws to match with the Party’s stance in the country’s new period of development, respecting religions’ fine cultural and ethical values; and encouraging dignitaries, followers and religious organisations to live the gospel amidst the nation and actively contribute to the national construction and defence.

The report also affirmed that overseas Vietnamese are an inseparable part of the Vietnamese nation and pointed out the need of new mechanisms and policies to assist them in economic development, preserving and bringing into play the national cultural identity while keeping their sentiments towards the fatherland.

To improve the socialist law-governed State of the people, by the people, for the people under the leadership of the Party, the report pointed out contents, including continuing to renovate the organisation and operation of the State apparatus, implementing the judicial reform strategy until 2020 and building a strong and transparent judicial system which protects and respects justice and human rights. Building a contingent of incorrupt and capable cadres and employees to meet the new situation’s requirements and actively preventing and being determined to combat, prevent and control corruption, waste and practise thrift are also included in the contents.

Regarding Party building, the report affirmed that the Party is the pioneer team of the working class and the pioneer team of the working people and the Vietnamese nation as well as the loyal representative for the benefit of the working class, working people and the nation. The Party considers Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought as its ideological foundation and a lodestar for its activities and democratic concentration as its basic organising principle, said the report.

The report laid stress on the importance of accelerating Party building in terms of political and ideological fields and increasing the Party’s political firmness and intellect; continuing to renovate and consolidate the Party organisational apparatus and the political system and increase Party members’ quality; continuing to renovate the personnel work in a strong and synchronous manner and well implement the personnel strategy of the new period; raising the efficiency of the Party’s inspection, supervision and mass mobilisation work; and continuing to renovate the Party leading methodology.

Concluding the report, the Party General Secretary emphasised that the 11 th National Party Congress would reaffirm the will of the entire Party, people and army, with millions of people sharing the same grit to be active and creative to take advantage of opportunities to overcome challenges, in order to go on with the endeavour to raise the Party’s leading and combat capacities.

The Party leader called for the upholding of strength of the entire people in comprehensively promoting the renewal process for fast and sustainable national development with a view to successfully implementing the goal of a wealthy people and a strong, democratic, equitable and civilised nation moving steadily towards socialism./.