Vietnam has made considerable progress in providing wastewater treatment services in urban areas over the last two decades and invested 500 million USD towards the task in recent years, according to a report released by the World Bank (WB) on January 20.

The “Vietnam Urban Wastewater Review” report shows that Vietnam is facing challenges with environmental pollution on the rise due to the country’s rapid urbanisation.

However, to keep pollution levels under control, Vietnam is estimated to need 8.3 billion USD to improve wastewater treatment services between now and 2025, notes the report.

The paper also puts forth several useful recommendations for national policymakers. The suggestions are related to establishing a national strategy and general principles to be applied in water resource management, as well as policies to encourage the private sector’s involvement in the public-private-partnership model.

The report also gives suggestions to local authorities and service providers of sanitation services to develop and sustain healthy and clean cities.

The same day, another report themed “East Asia Pacific Region Urban Sanitation Review: Actions Needed”, issued by the bank, mentioned thorough researches on urban sanitation in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam.

The second paper proposes measures to help countries in the region expand and upgrade environmental sanitation services in a comprehensive and sustainable manner.

According to the paper, about 2.5 billion people all over the world lack adequate sanitation and more than 25 percent of them live in East Asia and the Pacific Region. Although inadequate sanitation takes a tremendous toll on the quality of peoples’ lives, environment, and the economy, investments in the field yield high returns.-VNA