The third World Climate Conference (WCC-3) opened on August 31 in Geneve, bringing together some 2,500 experts to discuss the global access to information and services for countries worldwide to better cope with climate change.

The Director General of the UN's World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), Michel Jarraud, said the conference would discuss measures to boost long term weather and climate forecasting, especially in Africa and developing nations.

The five-day meeting plans to adopt a so-called Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), which will enable a formalised system for climate information and services delivery.

A successful GFCS implementation will shape countries’ decisions on water, agriculture, fisheries, health, forestry, transport, tourism, energy, and preparations for natural disasters.

Observers said that the conference would lay a foundation for countries around the world to obtain necessary information to deal with more extreme climate conditions, which are resulted from the global warming.

The WMO has warned that global warming is transforming thinking on issues such as flood defences, farming or power generation, which have often relied on experience of past weather patterns and sea levels.

The WMO organised the first two World Climate Conferences in 1979 and 1990. Both conferences were considered groundbreaking in their impacts, heralding awareness of climate change and new observational and research capacities to monitor and understand the climate./.