Higher animal feed price causes difficulties for livestock industry: MARD

The recent increase in price of animal feed has brought more difficulties for the livestock production of businesses and farmers.
Higher animal feed price causes difficulties for livestock industry: MARD ảnh 1Many large enterprises have invested in the development of animal husbandry production and food processing chains. (Photo: cucchannuoi.gov.vn)
Hanoi (VNS/VNA) - The recent increase in price of animal feed has brought more difficulties for the livestock production of businesses and farmers.

After the Tet (Lunar New Year) holiday, many animal feed products have seen a new price increase due to the impact of the higher world price of raw materials for animal feed production compared to the end of 2021.

Specifically, the price has increased by about 22 percent for soybean oil, 21 percent for soybeans, 16 percent for soybean meal and 9 percent for corn.

The main reason is due to the influence of adverse weather in the main growing areas in South American countries which provide a large volume of raw materials for feed production in the world. 

Transportation costs are also constantly increasing because of petrol and oil price hikes. In addition, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine is having a great impact on corn and wheat prices at home and abroad.

The most favoured nation (MFN) tariff for some imported animal feed products has been reduced from the end of 2021 such as from 3 percent to zero for wheat and from 5 percent to 2 percent for corn.

However, the cost of animal feed accounts for 65-70 percent of the production cost in the livestock sector. Therefore, the record increase of those prices of animal feed materials has caused huge difficulties and challenges for the domestic livestock industry, especially pig farming.

“With the price of raw materials for animal feed production increasing from 2021 to now, the prices of finished animal feed products have risen by 18-22 percent. The increase in animal feed prices has made the profit of farmers plummet, and even some households and farms suffer losses," said Tong Xuan Chinh, an official from Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).

Reducing the animal feed prices by 3 percent could make the livestock production cost fall by 2 percent, according to Chinh who is deputy director of the MARD's Livestock Production Department.

At a recent conference on solutions for developing sustainable pig production and the management of animal feed production and trade held by MARD, experts said the reduction of import tax on animal feed is only an immediate solution. Production of raw materials at home is a long-term solution for the domestic livestock industry.

Local enterprises in the livestock industry are encouraged to invest in the application of high technology and biotechnology to quickly produce chemicals and biological products as raw materials for pig feed. Those products would replace natural animal feed sources and imports. Besides that, they need to make efficient use of locally available raw materials.

However, Duong Tat Thang, director of the Livestock Production Department, said the livestock industry lacks efficient cooperation and livestock production chains.

“The industry mainly has small-scale livestock production and the development of professional and modern production processes is limited," Thang said. 

There is a lack of market information and forecasting so most farmers are still passive and dependent on traders and the intermediary stage, he said.

On the other hand, Vietnam has signed 17 free trade agreements, including new generation trade agreements such as the CPTTP and EVFTA or bilateral agreements with many countries with advanced livestock production.

Therefore, it will be more difficult for domestic livestock products, including pork products, because Vietnam is forced to open its market for food imported from the US, Brazil, Russia, India and Germany. Domestic products, therefore, face strong competition with imported goods.

However, according to the MARD, Vietnam’s pig industry has a large consumption market with nearly 100 million people and 15-18 million tourists per year that could increase in the coming years. In addition, mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Malaysia are potential import markets for Vietnam’s pork products. 

So far, Vietnam’s livestock sector has contributed 25.2 percent of GDP to the agricultural sector.

More and more Vietnamese and foreign enterprises have invested in the development of animal husbandry production and food processing chains, including Masan, Dabaco, Tan Long, Truong Hai, Hoa Phat, CP, Deheus and Japfacomfeed./

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