Hanoi (VNA) - Increased numbers of people flocking to cities for work and study make renting a thriving business, but managing temporary residences for migrants has emerged as a new burden for cities.

Nguyen Dien Nam, the Vice Head of Police of Kim Chung Commune in Hanoi’s Dong Anh District, said the commune has a high percentage of migrant workers because it serves the Bac Thang Long Industrial Zone.

The number of workers registering temporary residence in the commune is highly changeable. The commune’s population is currently 27,000, including 15,000 migrant workers. But the actual number of migrant workers may be higher because migrant workers did not always register temporary residence, Nam said.

Police face difficulties overseeing migrant workers who come and go without reporting their residencies. One such difficulty is understaffing. The commune only has 20 police officers.

Wanted men sometimes hide in the commune, taking advantage of the crowd and the number of migrants.

A 25-year-old worker named Hoa told Lao dong (The Labour) newspaper she left her hometown for Hanoi to work at Bac Thang Long Industrial Zone.

She pays 500,000 VND (22.4 USD) a month to rent a 5-square-metre room in a group of about 50 rooms in Kim Chung Commune.

“I have lived here for four months. But no one has asked me to register my temporary residence,” she said. "My neighbourers have lived here for about two years, and they did not register their temporary residence with local authorites either," she said.

Similar situations occur in areas which surround industrial zones, universities and colleges.

University student Pham Van Hiep, 23 years old, of northern Vinh Phuc Province, said he rented a room and lived in Xuan Dinh Commune, Bac Tu Liem District for three years.

“I have not registered my temporary residence,” he said.

National Assembly deputy Bui Thi An said governmment control of temporary residence is needed to ensure social order and security. She said police must work harder and help people, particularly renters and tenants, to fulfill their obligations relating to temporary residence registration.

Lawyer Le Cao from central Da Nang City Bar Association said Residence Law regulates temporary residence registration. Those who live, work and study at a host ward, commune or town who are not eligible for permanent resident status must register for temporary residence within 30 days after they arrive at the locality. Tenants or hosts may report to the police directly, by phone or via Internet.

Violators will be fined 100,000 VND – 300,000 VND (4.4 – 13.4 USD) for disobeying the rules.-VNA