The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) will implement nine projects to help provinces in the Mekong Delta deal with climate change.

The projects will focus on building anti-salinity gates, improving and building coastal dykes, and developing fresh water resources.

They also look to strengthen capacity in water-flow management, adjust crop calendar, and promote sustainable shrimp hatching in the region.

According to the Southern Institute for Water Resources Planning, orchards and rice fields in the region are hardest hit by climate change, especially salt water intrusion.

In addition to the nine projects, JICA will deploy tens of small-scale programmes and projects to help local people in seven provinces in the region improve their economic conditions and stabilise their lives. They are Tien Giang, Ben Tre, Tra Vinh, Soc Trang, Bac Lieu, Ca Mau, and Kien Giang.

In particular, the agency also attaches much importance to studying and expanding new plant varieties which are highly resistant to saline water, setting up salinity warning systems, and growing and improving mangrove forests.

From 2011, JICA has enabled the seven provinces to complete forecast and evaluation of climate change impacts for the 2020-2050 period, and establish master plans and measures to respond to climate change.-VNA