The Mekong Delta provinces have devised concrete measures to ensure a constant supply of fresh water for production and daily life, despite the threat of climate change, according to the Southern Institute of Water Resources Research (SIWRR).

The provinces aim to restructure local land use, regulate the water supply for agricultural production in coastal areas, and demarcate areas according to the water types present.

They also strive to address fresh water shortages in Mekong Delta rivers, while reserving rainwater and connecting with other local water sources to ensure the supply for agricultural production during the dry season.

Sea dykes and embankments will also be reinforced along the rivers of Ham Luong, Cai Lon, Cai Be and Vam Co to prevent sea tide invasion.

According to the institute, such an intrusion of salty water is expected to affect almost all parts of the delta, especially along the West Sea coastal area and the Ca Mau peninsula, during this year’s dry season and in the long run.

Surveys show that the local irrigation water regulation systems have seen serious degradation and damage, especially in saline water areas to the north of National Highway 1A in Bac Lieu province.

In Kien Giang province, salt water has entered 4-6 km inland.

Many areas in An Giang and Bac Lieu have also been affected by saline water, causing difficulties for local agricultural production.-VNA