Illustrative image (Source: internet)
 
Hanoi (VNA) - The official visit to France from March 25-27 by General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee Nguyen Phu Trong aims to set up relations with the new government of France, thus further deepening the strategic partnership between the two nations.

The visit, which will be made at the invitation of French President Emmanuel Macron, takes place at a time when the two countries are celebrating the 45th founding anniversary of diplomatic ties.

Vietnam and France officially set up diplomatic ties on April 12, 1973. The two nations decided to establish the Strategic Partnership in 2013.

In recent years, the two sides have maintained the exchange of high-ranking visits and various cooperation mechanisms. Notably, apart from organising the Vietnam-France Defence Policy Dialogue, the two countries have also maintained high-level economic dialogues and financial and economic forums.

France was the first Western country to have a defense attaché in Vietnam in 1991. In November 2009, the two ministries of defence signed an agreement on annual rotating organisation of the Vietnam-France Joint Committee on National Defence Cooperation, which was renamed “the Defence Policy Dialogue” with its first meeting in November 2016.  

Trade links between the two sides has witnessed strong development in recent years. Vietnam has enjoyed a trade surplus in exports to the French market. Two-way trade hit 4.6 billion USD in 2017, up 11.6 percent from the previous year.

France began investing in Vietnam in 1988. In 2017, France ranked third among European countries, and 16th among 125 countries and territories investing in Vietnam, with 513 valid projects worth 2.8 billion USD. France’s direct investment in Vietnam mainly focuses on IT and processing and manufacturing industries.

France is a leading European ODA provider for Vietnam, and Vietnam is the second largest beneficiary nation of French ODA in Asia, with total committed capital of 18.4 billion USD since 1993.

Regarding educational cooperation, France regards education and training as a priority in its cooperation with Vietnam, focusing on French language teaching and human resources training at tertiary and post-graduate levels in various areas like economic management, banking, finance, law and new technology.

The French Government allocates about 5 million EUR (6.1 million USD) for cultural cooperation with Vietnam each year, including support for French culture centres in Hanoi (L’Espace), Ho Chi Minh City (Institute of Cultural Exchange with France – IDECAF), Hue and Da Nang.  

With 14 projects worth 188 million USD, France ranks seventh among countries and territories in terms of tourism investment in Vietnam, which considers the EU nation as a key source of tourists.

Vietnam and France have so far 30 cooperation projects on training doctors, which are financed by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and hospitals.

Beginning in early 1990s, cooperation among localities of the two countries has become a special feature in the bilateral relations. As many 38 French localities have established partnerships with 18 provinces and cities of Vietnam. Since 1990, there have been 235 projects between localities of Vietnam and France, focusing on health care, education, water and hygiene, heritage preservation, French-speaking community, rural and sustainable development.

As members of the International Francophone Organisation (OIF), the two sides have many cooperation activities within the organisation, especially in teaching French, higher education and parliamentary activities.

Currently, around 300,000 Vietnamese people are living, studying and working in France, 40,000 of whom have tertiary or postgraduate degrees. Many of them are working in universities, research institutes and administrative agencies of France.-VNA