Programme 135 assists Yen Bai’s ethnic minorities to get rid of poverty hinh anh 1Thanks to Programme 135's financial aid, Chang A Vang, a resident in Khuon Bo hamlet of Hong Ca commune, Yen Bai's Tran Yen district, has developed chicken farming (Photo: VNA)

Yen Bai (VNA) – Programme 135 has assisted people living in mountainous areas, especially the ethnic minority people, in northern Yen Bai province escape from poverty in a sustainable manner.

Yen Bai has 81 communes and 177 villages and hamlets facing extreme difficulties qualified to benefit from the Government’s Programme 135, which was launched in 1999 under the Prime Minister’s decision 135/1998/QD-TTg dated July 31, 1998, with the aim of improving living conditions for rural residents with a particular focus on ethnic minority communities.

Ethnic minority groups account for 55.5 percent of the 30 ethnic groups residing in the province. They make a living based on farming and forestry production and account for over 80 percent of poor households in the locality.

Do Quang Vinh, deputy head of the provincial committee for ethnic affairs, said the Programme 135 allocated over 447 billion VND for the ethnic minority-resided and mountainous areas in the province from 2016 to June, 2018.

The money included 86 billion VND supporting production development, 351 billion VND for developing infrastructure, and over 10 billion VND for capacity building for the community and local officials.

Over 24,000 households have been helped to develop household-based production to improve their living conditions, according to the provincial committee for ethnic affairs.

Hong Ca commune in Tran Yen district has 90 percent of its population being the Tay and Mong ethnic minority people. It had coped with extreme difficulties stemming from low education level, backward customs, and underdeveloped roads.

Programme 135 investment allowed inter-village roads to be asphalted, making it easier for travelling and trade activities, said Song A Dung, head of Khuon Bo village, Hong Ca commune.

For Chang A Vang from Khuon Bo village, his family had struggled against poverty before getting the State’s assistance in young bamboo and cinnamon plants in 2014. They began to sell bamboos and will sell cinnamon barks in two years.

During 2015-2016, Programme 135 capital helped Hong Ca commune to build 1,700 meters of roads connecting its hamlets and villages to the communal centre at a cost of over 2 billion VND, and provided young cinnamon trees worth 591 million VND for 617 families, among others.

Chang A Sai, Vice Chairman of the Hong Ca commune People’s Committee said Programme 135 enabled Hong Ca residents to raise their incomes, from 20 million VND per person per year in 2016 to 28 million VND per person per year in 2018. The poverty rate was slashed from 45 percent in 2016 to 18 percent in 2018.-VNA