The prevalence of US dollars in the Vietnamese economy had decreased significantly since the end of 2011 and the exchange rates had been stabilised, according to a State Bank of Vietnam statement.

The decline of dollarisation (the habit of using US dollars in daily activities and trades between local people and firms) was seen in the narrowing ratio of foreign currency deposits against total money supply.

The figure fell from 30 percent in 1990 to 15.8 percent by the end of 2011, most recently dropping to 12 percent by the end of last month.

The central bank also pointed out that credit in Vietnamese dong had surged significantly, while credit in US dollars had plummeted. In the first eight months of the year, credit in dong rose 10.4 percent while credit in dollars fell 11.55 percent.

The central bank has also taken measures this year to stabilise exchange rates and the foreign exchange market, helping to raise the country's forex reserves, support the implementation of monetary policy and control inflation.

A number of key measures have indicated the central bank's effectiveness in achieving these aims. For example, the central bank said at the start of the year it would continue to keep exchange rates stable within the 2-3 percent fluctuation band to improve market sentiment, drive exchange rate expectations and reinforce the people's confidence in the domestic currency.

The SBV upgraded the average inter-bank exchange rate by 1 percent from 20,828VND/USD to 21,036 VND on June 28, while cutting interest rates for US dollar deposits to encourage people to hold their dong and reduce foreign currency holdings.

The central bank has also maintained flexible dollar bid prices to encourage banks to sell foreign currency to the SBV.

Due to the synchronous and drastic measures, the forex market and the exchange rate held firm in the first eight months this year, as many of the other targets were also met.-VNA