Top 10 significant events that shape Vietnam in 2022

GDP growth faster than expected, border reopening, and fuel shortages in many localities are among the top 10 events that shaped Vietnam in 2022, as selected by Vietnam News Agency.

1. GDP growth higher than expected amid gloomy world economic context

In 2022, Vietnam’s GDP growth reached at 8.02%, exceeding the yearly target of 6-6.5%. Inflation was kept at 3.15%. Foreign direct investment reached 27.72 billion USD. The import-export turnover hit 732.5 billion USD, with trade surplus of 11.2 billion USD, according to the General Department of Vietnam Customs.

These are impressive results amid a decline in growth momentum among global economies and a surge in inflation and living expenses. 

2. Visit to China by Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong – important milestone in bilateral relations

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, was the first foreign leader, to be welcomed by General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and President of China Xi Jinping, after the 20th National Congress of the CPC.

The visit from October 30 to November 1 created a new impetus for and consolidated the friendly neighbourliness, enhanced political trust, and deepened the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership between Vietnam and China. Thirteen cooperation documents on various areas, mainly the economy, were signed during the trip. 

3. Provincial-level steering committees for corruption, negative phenomena prevention and control established

All the standing boards of the Party Committees of the 63 provinces and centrally-run cities established steering committees for corruption and negative phenomena prevention and control.

Thanks to the concerted engagement of the steering committees at central and local levels, many cases of corruption and negative phenomena involving collusion between officials at different levels and enterprises, were brought to light. 

4. Six resolutions on socio-economic development, defence - security safeguarding for regions issued

For the first time, the Politburo issued six resolutions on socio-economic development and defence - security safeguarding to 2030, with a vision to 2045, for six economic regions to capitalise on their advantages and enhance connectivity within each region and among different regions.

At its third session, the 15th National Assembly also issued decisions on investment policies for five key transport projects to create infrastructure breakthroughs and connect different regions nationwide. 

5. Borders reopening, successful hosting of SEA Games 31

The 31st Southeast Asian Games (SEA Games) took place from May 5 to 23, shortly after Vietnam decided to resume international tourism from March 15.

With the successful hosting of the region’s biggest sporting event, the country was highly valued for its organisation, competition results, and promotion of its image after more than two years fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. 

6. Strong fluctuations in corporate bond market

The corporate bond market, a medium- and long-term capital mobilisation channel, was negatively affected after investigations into some issuances were launched. Individual investors sold bonds before maturity due to concerns over businesses’ failure to repay debts.

To rectify activities in this market, the Government released a decree, that stipulates rules on corporate bond offerings. It also requested the Ministry of Finance to guarantee openness, transparency, the legitimate rights and interests of investors, along with the safety and security of the financial and monetary markets. 

7. Lead in digital economy growth in Southeast Asia

According to Google, Temasek, and Bain & Company, the gross merchandise value of Vietnam’s digital economy was estimated at 23 billion USD in 2022, rising by 28% from a year earlier – the fastest growth in Southeast Asia.

Data from the Ministry of Information and Communications showed that revenue in the digital economy in 2022 increased by over 10% year-on-year to 148 billion USD.  

8. Fuel shortages in many localities

In October and November, residents in many localities had to wait in long queues to buy fuel. This situation came as a result of complex developments in the global oil market, and it also revealed problems in the management of petrol and oil trading.

As directed by the Government, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, and the State Bank of Vietnam promptly carried out solutions to tackle this situation. 

9. Abnormal flooding in central region

On October 14 and 15, Da Nang and other localities in the central region experienced severe flooding due to post-storm downpours with rainfall of nearly 700mm in 24 hours. Tidal surges that occurred at the same time further slowed the drainage process, thus seriously affecting the lives of local residents.

This historic flooding gave a warning of worsening climate change that requires strategic response measures. 

10. First-ever advance to FIFA Women’s World Cup finals

Vietnam’s female football team became one of the six Asian representatives in the final round of the 2023 FIFA Women’s World Cup. It was the first time Vietnam qualified for the finals.

At SEA Games 31, the Vietnamese women's team also successfully defended their title championship./.